Hydrogen Fuel Technology | Oil Gas

Hydrogen Fuel Technology


Hydrogen Fuel Technology | Hydrogen fuel is an ecoenergy as a source of future energy with a combustion process that produces only water and energy (electricity and heat). Hydrogen Fuel is different from battery work. If the battery consumes substances from the inside to work, the fuel cell utilizes substances from the outside, such as hydrogen and oxygen, and continues to work non-stop as long as a fuel source is available.

Hydrogen is produced through certain processes and stored, while oxygen comes from the atmosphere. The stored hydrogen will be mixed with oxygen from the atmosphere and a chemical reaction occurs. This reaction is a reagent of water formation that frees energy. The energy is converted to electricity to close to 100% and the rest is heat. #tankfarmpropane

What is Hydrogen Fuel Technology ?

Hydrogen fuel is a fuel without emissions used as fuel for electric generator engine together with oxygen using a unit called hydrogen fuel cells. Hydrogen Fuel Cell Similar to a battery, a fuel cell has an anode pole and cathode where hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) is flowed to two poles. that's different. Reaction between Both poles will produce electricity and water vapor (H2O).

Hydrogen Production Process

1. Steam Reforming

In this process, methane what is contained Natural gas is extracted and reacted to Steam to produce hydrogen. About 95% of the hydrogen on the market produced by this process.

2. Gasification

In the process of gasification, coal or materials Biomass reacts with oxygen and steam to produce gas synthesis. Then, the hydrogen molecules are separated from Gas synthesis uses a separation system.

3. Electrolysis

Electrolysis process using a tool called an electrolyzer. Key concepts in this process is the separation of molecules. hydrogen and oxygen from water by reaction caused by electricity.

4. Biological Processes

Various types of microbes such as bacteria and microalgae can naturally produce hydrogen elements through biological reactions using sunlight or organic matter. However, until now, artificial technology with this way of working is still in the research and development stage.

Hydrogen as a new energy system

Hydrogen can be found in water in its oxidized form. By providing an outside energy source, water can decompose into hydrogen and oxygen. By spontaneously recombining hydrogen and oxygen, energy and water are obtained, and the water is ready to be reused to start the cycle again.

The breakdown of water into hydrogen and oxygen with electrical energy is called electrolysing. The combustion of hydrogen and oxygen to obtain water is carried out in the opposite direction to the electrolysic reaction, in a device called a fuel cell. While energy is needed to perform electrolysis, the merger of hydrogen and oxygen, on the contrary, produces energy. #tankfarmpropane

Hydrogen, like electricity, is an energy carrier capable of storing energy converted from primary sources such as natural gas, oil, coal, and other renewable energy sources. Hydrogen can be used directly to generate electricity and heat, and has the ability to replace hydrocarbon materials in many applications. Compared to traditional fuels, hydrogen contains a higher energy density per unit weight, but the energy density per unit volume is very low. This is still a technological challenge today that needs to be solved, especially for its storage and transportation systems.

The idea of using hydrogen as a fuel has been a long time since the discovery of this element in 1766 by Henry Cavendish. Cecil built a hydrogen plant in 1820 and Haldane managed to produce hydrogen with windmills in 1923. The first hydrogen fuel cell prototype was made by Grove in 1839. Meanwhile, Otto used a mixture of 50% hydrogen in his experiments for internal combustion engines.

For transportation, hydrogen was used in hot air balloons and airships but was soon replaced with helium due to its highly flammable nature. In 1938, Sikorski successfully used hydrogen to drive a helicopter propeller.

Carbon Capture Hydrogen

An affordable and scalable carbon capture solution using techniques to capture carbon emissions from existing power plants, even producing power. A scalable solution to increase the amount of carbon capture that increases over time. The fuel cell removes seventy percent of the pollutants from factory fumes and motor vehicle fumes.

The application of hydrogen as a fuel is currently limited to spacecraft only. Here, the liquid O2 and H2 combined produce the enormous amount of energy needed for the spacecraft to get out of the atmosphere and the electricity needed for the entire crew and instrumentation.

As mentioned above, although the energy density is very high, hydrogen is seen as an energy carrier or secondary energy source, as opposed to primary energy sources such as wood, oil and coal that can directly be used as energy. This is because hydrogen must first be converted into its molecular form (H2) of hydrogen-containing compounds before its use. Hydrogen is a vehicle capable of storing energy converted from primary sources in chemical form. #tankfarmpropane

Post a Comment

Previous Post Next Post